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Intake and utilization of energy from ammonia-treated and ...

Intake and utilization of energy from ammonia-treated and untreated wheat straw by steers and wether sheep given a basal diet of grass pellets and hay S. J. Oosting1, H. A. Boekholt2, M. J. N. Los3 and C. P. Leffering2 department of Animal Husbandry, Section Tropical Animal Production, PO Box 338, 6700 AH Wageningen, The Netherlands

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Intake and utilization of energy from ammonia-treated and ...

Two experiments, experiment 1 with six steers in a 3 × 3 Latin-square design and experiment 2 with four wether sheep in a cross-over design, were conducted to study the effect of species and ammonia treatment on intake and utilization of the energy of untreated wheat straw.

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(PDF) Digestibility and Utilization of Ammonia-Treated and ...

Digestibility and Utilization of Ammonia-Treated and Urea-Supplemented Peanut Skin Diets Fed to Cattle ... nitrogen free extract, energy and total digestible nutrients were higher (P less than .05 ...

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Influence of ammonia treatment and supplementation on the ...

Sep 02, 2010  Influence of ammonia treatment and supplementation on the intake, digestibility and weight gain of sheep and cattle on barley straw diets - Volume 48 Issue 1

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WHEAT STRAW AS RUMINANT FEED

3.3 Intake and utilization of energy from ammonia-treated and untreated wheat straw by steers and wether sheep fed a basal diet of grass pellets and hay Protein supplementation to ammoniated wheat straw 4.1 Protein supplementation to ammoniated wheat straw. 1. Intake, digestion, rumen fermentation and passage characteristics in sheep

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Effects of urea and aqueous ammonia treatment on the ...

May 01, 2007  Intake and utilization of energy from ammonia-treated and untreated wheat straw by steers and wether sheep given a basal diet of grass pellets and hay Anim. Prod. , 57 ( 1993 ) , pp. 227 - 236 View Record in Scopus Google Scholar

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(PDF) Digestibility and Utilization of Ammonia-Treated and ...

Digestibility and Utilization of Ammonia-Treated and Urea-Supplemented Peanut Skin Diets Fed to Cattle ... nitrogen free extract, energy and total digestible nutrients were higher (P less than .05 ...

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A novel ammoniation treatment of barley as a strategy to ...

Mar 11, 2021  Thus, our observations suggested that feeding ammoniated cereals can have positive indirect effects on the utilization of some alternative fibrous feeds by accelerating their microbial colonization, possibly as a result of higher rumen pH 31, 32 and/or improved synchrony in the availability of energy and N for the rumen microbes. 45 These ...

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Wheat straw as ruminant feed : effect of supplementation ...

Digestible energy intake from untreated and ammonia-treated wheat straw by sheep and cattle were equalized by scaling to liveweight 0.946. There were strong indications that maintenance requirements Accrues sheep and cattle were related to liveweight to an exponent lower than 0.9.

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Energy and protein utilization in growing cattle

Limited data are available to describe the different phases of dietary protein and energy utilization in growing cattle as compared with those in adult cattle or in growing nonruminants. The European data on this topic are summarized to indicate application in appropriate feeding standards. Net prot

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JST

Mar 10, 2008  1) Association of Official Analytical Chemists, Official Methods of Analysis. 14th ed. Assoc. Off. Anal. Chem., Washington, DC. 1984. 2) Campling RC, Freer M, Balch ...

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Urea and citrus by-product supplementation of straw-based ...

Apr 01, 1997  Intake and utilization of energy from ammonia-treated and untreated wheat straw by steers and wether sheep given a basal diet of grass pellets and hay. Anim. Prod., 57: 227-236. Pinosa, M., Bovolenta, S. and Maffei, M-, 1992.

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Proceedings of the FAO Expert Consultation on the ...

This in turn led to an 80% increase in feed intake (Guttierrez and Elliott, 1984) Figure 3: Effect of the basal diet on the efficiency of utilization of acetic acid infused into the rumen of cattle. The highest retention of energy was on the diet rich in glucose precursors (adapted from Tyrell et al., 1979).

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[PDF] Estimation of maintenance energy requirements of ...

Metabolizable energy intake and heat production were measured in a series of calorimetry experiments carried out at the Agricultural Research Institute of Northern Ireland, Hillsborough, between 1993 and 1996 with beef cattle and sheep. A total of 75 estimates were made with cattle: 23 with Charolais cross steers; 16 with Simmental cross steers and 36 with Angus cross steers (450–628 kg ...

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Better utilization of crop residues and by-products in ...

Associated with these changes, an increase in voluntary intake, a reduction in digestibility and increase in the efficiency of the utilization of metabolizable energy are obtained. Beardsley (1963) concluded from a review of the literature that, on average, grinding led to an increase of 25% in voluntary intake, of 98% in daily liveweight gain ...

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What does energy intake mean? - Definitions

Definition of energy intake in the Definitions dictionary. Meaning of energy intake. What does energy intake mean? Information and translations of energy intake in the most comprehensive dictionary definitions resource on the web.

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Energy utilization of sodium hydroxide treated or ...

Energy utilization of sodium hydroxide treated or untreated straw supplemented with protein or concentrates by adult sheep. 1. Feed intake, digestibility, metabolizability and net energy value. Vermorel M(1), Dulphy JP, Bouvier JC. Author information: (1)Laboratoire d'Etude du Métabolisme Energétique, INRA-THEIX, Ceyrat, France.

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(PDF) Effect of ammonia treatment and carbohydrate ...

Chemical treatment of straw, generally based on the use of alkalis, has been commonly used for improving both apparent digestibility and voluntary intake of straws (Chenost and Dulphy, 1987;Sundstol, 1988), but, when requirements are above maintenance level, an energy supplement has to be included either in untreated or treated straw diets to ...

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Rice Straw-Based Fodder for Ruminants SpringerLink

Nov 28, 2019  The ration composed of rice straw with supplementary protein, energy, and/or minerals have been shown to optimize rumen function and maximize the utilization or intake of rice straw. Chenost and Kayouli ( 1997 ) emphasized that rumen microorganisms should be provided with needed nutrients for their growth and self-multiplication so that ...

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REVIEW Use of crop residues as animal feeds in developing ...

*EEC. European Scientific Technical Cooperation -Working group on use of cellulosic wastes as feed. 400 g/kg dry matter (DM) to 500-600 with sodium hydroxide treatment. and to 500-550 with anunonia treatment. Treatment also raises voluntary intake of straw by up to 80 and 30% in sheep and cattle respectively (Alderman and Mason 1984).

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Intake and utilization of energy from ammonia-treated and ...

Abstract. Two experiments, experiment 1 with six steers in a 3 × 3 Latin-square design and experiment 2 with four wether sheep in a cross-over design, were conducted to study the effect of species and ammonia treatment on intake and utilization of the energy of untreated wheat straw.

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CiNii 論文 - 稲ワラの尿素およびアンモニア処理が補助飼料とし

Aug 25, 1996  Intake and utilization of energy from ammonia-treated and untreated wheat straw by steers and sheep given a basal diet of grass pellets and hay OOSTING SJ Anim. Prod. 57, 227-236, 1993. 被引用文献1件

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Wheat straw as ruminant feed : effect of supplementation ...

Digestible energy intake from untreated and ammonia-treated wheat straw by sheep and cattle were equalized by scaling to liveweight 0.946. There were strong indications that maintenance requirements Accrues sheep and cattle were related to liveweight to an exponent lower than 0.9.

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Fao 2013 animal production and health by Pacto por los ...

Sep 30, 2013  Intake and utilization of energy from ammonia treated and untreated wheat straw by steers and wether sheep fed a basal ration of grass pellets and

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Effect of qualitative feed restriction on energy ... - CORE

Intake and utilization of energy from ammonia-treated and untreated wheat straw by steers and wetter sheep given a basal diet of grass pellets and hay. (2005). Modelling the productivity of a breeding sheep flock for different production systems.

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Carbohydrate Food Intake and Energy Balance

Total daily energy intake, however, was not affected by the quantity or type of fibre in the breakfast (103). Energy and macronutrient balance. Maintaining a stable body weight requires achieving energy balance, where the amount of energy ingested equals the amount of energy expended. While obesity can only develop when energy intake exceeds ...

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Intake, digestibility, nitrogen balance and energy ...

The aim of this study was to assess the effect of the inclusion of Leucaena leucocephala on dry matter (DM) intake and digestibility, nitrogen (N) balance and energy utilization in cattle fed a basal ration of Pennisetum purpureum and housed in metabolic crates. Five crossbred (Bos taurus × Bos indicus) heifers (BW: 295 ± 6 kg) were fed chopped P. purpureum grass and five increasing levels ...

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An Introduction to Liquid Supplements For Beef Cows

(in particular, energy) in adequate amounts, so a shortage of something other than N doesn’t slow growth; and, slowing the release of ammonia from urea in the fi rst place. QLF liquid feeds do both. As needed sugar energy is provided, fermentation is enhanced, and

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Energy substrate utilization with and without exogenous ...

Jun 16, 2016  Energy substrate utilization with and without exogenous carbohydrate intake in boys and men exercising in the heat Gabriela T. Leites,1 Giovani S. Cunha,1,2 Lisa Chu,1 Flavia Meyer,2 and Brian W. Timmons1 1Child Health Exercise Medicine Program, Department of Pediatrics, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada; and 2Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre,

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Effect of swirl at intake manifold on engine performance ...

(2020). Effect of swirl at intake manifold on engine performance using ethanol fuel blend. Energy Sources, Part A: Recovery, Utilization, and Environmental Effects ...

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Progress in the utilization of urea-ammonia treated crop ...

Progress in the utilization of urea-ammonia treated crop residues: biological and socio-economic aspects of animal production and application of the technology on small farms . Revised version of invited paper presented at the 29th annual meeting of the Brasilian Society of Animal Production, Lavras, July 20 - 24, 1992. Frands Dolberg

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International Journal of Livestock Production - effect of ...

Intake and utilization of energy from ammonia- treated and untreated wheat straw by steers and wether sheep given a basal diet of grass pellets and hay. Anim. Prod. 57:227-236. Crossref Orden EA, Yamaki K, Ichinohe T, Fujihara T (2000).

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Ammonia For Silages

Ammonia treated silage was 13.5% CP on a dry matter basis and comprised 40% of the dietary dry matter. Each value is a mean of 24 cows; 12 on 14.5% and 12 on 17.5% CP. 2 soybean meal. 3 heated soybean meal. Special Considerations. Sulfur. When feeding cows ammonia-treated corn silage, special attention should be given to dietary sulfur.

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British Library EThOS: The effect of protein supplements ...

The high urea diet which supplied excess of RDP resulted in the1 lowest intake of ammonia-treated straw. The response in liveweight gain of growing steers given ammonia- treated straw with a nitrogen source of a low degradability was studied in Experiment Seven. Two amounts of UDF supplied by fishmeal were used with two energy levels.

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